COLLECTIVE’s temporary installations may be short-lived, but they leave a lasting impression. The design studio’s founder talks to Christie Lee about confounding expectations and impermanent spaces.
If Hong Kong architect Betty Ng owes a debt to anyone for her impressive achievements, it might just be to Soviet painter and architect Vladimir Tatlin. Architecture, after all, wasn’t Ng’s first love: young Ng had intended on becoming a surgeon. It wasn’t until she chanced upon Tatlin’s sketch for his magnificent – and doomed – Tatlin’s Tower at a friend’s studio one day that she decided to switch fields.
Over the years, she worked in their New York, Hong Kong and Rotterdam offices. In 2014, she left her post as Design Director of the Rotterdam office to set up COLLECTIVE, a Hong Kong-based architectural firm made up of architects and academics. The firm has come to specialise in exhibition design, with their latest creation, “Digging a Hole in China”, on display at OCAT Shenzhen (OCT Contemporary Art Terminal) until 26 June 2016.
In what ways has an academic background in theory and visual studies informed your practice? Could you walk us through your design process?
I did my secondary school education in Hong Kong, prepping for medical school by focusing wholeheartedly on the sciences. We were trained rather diligently in memorising formulas. During my studies at architecture school, I was deeply drawn to theory and visual studies, as I was exposed to so many valuable revelations on the critical nature of architecture on top of the essential building technology and construction. It was exhilarating.
In our practice at COLLECTIVE, we tend to unlearn the learned, to assert our identity through relinquishment. This is the way we impose design and negate desires to be different in all instances because every instance is unique. We do not apply a formula in our design process; we tackle each case differently.
What is your first design memory?
Seeing a picture of cut fingers on our first day of woodshop orientation in architecture school – 30 minutes later, I was on the table saw-cutting wood.
And your first architectural memory?
Participating in the design and construction of Milstein Hall while I was at OMA New York, which was an expansion of the architecture school, where I learned how to use the table saw.
Do you have a favourite material?
We don’t do favourites. At COLLECTIVE, we have a habit of appropriating materials in an unfamiliar way. For our Open Platform design at Art Basel for Asia Art Archive this year, we specifically created a mixture of high-density foam that serves both as the acoustic interior lining of the pavilion as well as the seating cubes for the pavilion’s participants.
From a distance, the foam seems to resemble the terrazzo and marble surfaces already used in the site context of the convention centre. [When you get closer] the tactility of the foam is a surprising relief for the users, offering softness as a refuge from the commotions of the surrounding art fair. We did a few trials with the hues for the recycled and reconstituted foam, which is normally used for the inside of mattresses and other products, and is invisible to the user. In our design, we overlap the industrially produced with the sensitivity of the craftsmen.
What did you learn from Rem Koolhaas when it comes to design?
What does ‘collective’ mean in the context of your practice?
The nature of architecture has always been a result of combined forces and the architect is a singular image created by these conglomerated efforts; as architectural projects get more complex, so do the varying forces embedded inside.
COLLECTIVE’s portfolio contains a mixture of permanent and ephemeral projects. Has that always been the intention?
The life span of a building is on average shorter than the life span of a human being. In this case, permanence is relative.
Architects cannot stop at solely practising the permanent spatial agenda; we should place importance on the abstraction of architecture, to expand architectural thinking critically from spatial experiences to context, programme, organisation, politics, culture, economics, psychologies, technologies etc.
COLLECTIVE is interested in expanding the practice of architecture design to the continual changes that occur in how we live, work, learn and enjoy.
“Digging a Hole in China”, our exhibition design for OCAT Shenzhen, was a successful experiment for us in exercising the spatial agenda as architects, to work around the cha-cha of imposing our spatial narration as ‘design’ and negating the curatorial intention. If it is an ephemeral spatial project in one definition, then to us it is a representation of a persistent design methodology.